The First Woman of Education
According to Greenland in Figures 2022 by Statistics Greenland, 1 out of 10 men choose to start higher education, while the number for women is 1 out of 5. In the private sector, handfuls of local boutiques, tour companies and small businesses are owned by women throughout the country.
The education of women was not common until the 1960 and 70s.
The first educated Greenlandic woman was Karoline Rosing, from Paamiut. She was born in 1842 and was the first Greenlander to take the Danish midwifery exam in Copenhagen in 1867. Karoline Rosing was afterwards employed by the Royal Greenlandic Government Trade (Den Kongelige Grønlandske Handel) as a midwife, but no doctors were employed in the colonial district around Kangaamiut.
So, as the only one in the area with medical knowledge, she therefore also had to take on medical work. Among the biggest tasks were treating gunshot wounds and performing amputations. Furthermore, she continuously educated young girls to be midwives who were supposed to work in the settlements.