WEATHER & CLIMATE IN AASIAAT AND ILULISSAT
Aasiaat, the capital of Disko Bay, and Ilulissat, the capital of North Greenland, have typical weather conditions of a coastal area, and is typically ice-free from mid May to mid December. Aasiaat has on average 80.1 precipitation days, and 299mm (11.7 inches) of precipitation is accumulated. Ilulissat experiences low temperatures all year around, with a mean of – 12.3°C (7.88° F) during winter and rising to a mean of 6.9°C (42.8° F) in the summer. The winter has risen by nearly 1 degree, as between 1981-2010 the coldest mean temperature was 13.4 degrees. Considering the proximity of the Greenland Ice Sheet and the world’s most active glacier, Sermeq Kujalleq, the climate is not particularly cold. However, when out sailing in the Ilulissat Icefjord it is advisable to wear a warm jacket as you will feel the cool among the icebergs!
WEATHER & CLIMATE IN QAANAAQ
Qaanaaq has very low temperatures overall, averaging -10.2°C (151.6°F). It has a mean temperature of 4.5°C (113°F) in the summer, and -22.9°C (444.2°F) in the winter. It experiences 149.4 mm of precipitation annually over 83.8 days. Here the land looks bare but it is still tundra climate. The midnight sun shines from late April to mid August, while there is polar darkness for about 4 months of the year from mid November to mid February. It is only possible to sail to Qaanaaq from July to September.
According to DMI, the duration of midnight sun and polar night periods in the most northern part of Greenland at Cape Morris Jesup is 154 days and 143 days respectively.
*The Northern part of Greenland is split into two regional destinations: North Greenland and Disko Bay. For the purposes of this article these two destinations are combined together.